Personal Independence Payments

Personal Independence Payments

The Welfare Reform Act creates a new benefit from 8 April 2013 called Personal Independence Payment (PIP). This will eventually replace Disability Living Allowance (DLA) It is intended to be easier to understand than DLA, more efficient, and targeted at supporting those in most need to remain independent. Like DLA, it will be paid as a non means-tested benefit.

The Components

PIP will be paid in two parts:
A daily living component which considers your ability to carry out a number of activities related to daily living, such as cooking, dressing, bathing and engaging socially with other people.
• The standard rate of daily living component will be £53.00 in 2013; this is the same amount as DLA middle rate care component.
• The enhanced rate of daily living component will be £79.15 in 2013; this is the same amount as DLA high rate care component.

A mobility component, which considers your ability to get around out of doors independently.
• The standard rate of the mobility component will be £21.00 in 2013; this is the same amount as DLA low mobility component.
• The enhanced rate of the mobility component will be £55.25 in 2013; this is the same amount as DLA high mobility component.

Qualifying periods
You will need to meet the disability conditions for PIP for a period of three months before making a claim, and be expected to continue to meet them for a further nine months after making the claim. No qualifying period applies if you are terminally ill, or if you are transferring onto PIP from DLA.

Assessments
The Government intends the assessment of PIP to take account of the degree of difficulty that a person has around activities of daily living and getting around out of doors. There will be no automatic level of entitlement for people with any specified conditions, such as deaf blindness, but special rules will apply for people with a terminal illness.

The assessment is likely to involve a face-to-face meeting with an independent healthcare professional and information will also be gathered from the claimant and the people or professionals who support them directly.

Length of award
Most PIP awards will be for fixed periods, after which you will need to re-apply. This is to ensure you are still receiving the correct amount of benefit as your needs may increase or decrease over time.

New claims for PIP
There will be a two-stage roll out of PIP for new claimants. From 8 April 2013 people living in Merseyside, Cumbria, Cheshire and North East England will have to make a claim for PIP. The postcodes for the areas affected are BL, CA, CH (except CH1, CH4, CH5, CH6, CH7, and CH8), CW, DH, DL (except DL6, DH7, DL8, DL9, DL10 and DL11), FY, L, LA (except LA2 7, LA2 8, LA6 2 and LA6 3), M, NE, PR, SR, TS (except TS9), WA and WN.

People in the rest of the UK will continue to claim DLA until 9 June 2013.
From 10 June 2013 all new claims for disability benefits for people between 16 and 65 will be a claim for PIP.

People already receiving DLA
If you receive DLA and will be aged between 16 and 64 on 8 April 2013, you will eventually have to make a claim for PIP instead, even if you have been given an indefinite or lifetime award of DLA.

There will be no automatic transfer of existing DLA claimants on to PIP. At some point you will be contacted by DWP and invited to claim PIP. You will have to complete the PIP claim forms and will be assessed under the PIP criteria. This will probably involve a face to face assessment.

When you claim PIP your DLA will continue to be paid until the PIP claim has been decided, but if you do not make a claim for PIP within 28 days your DLA will be suspended.

If your DLA is suspended because no claim for PIP has been received, the DWP will write to you again. If you do not make a claim for PIP within another 28 days your entitlement to DLA will be terminated.

Aged under 16 or 65+
There are no plans to replace DLA with PIP for children aged under 16 or to re-assess people receiving DLA who will be over the age of 65 when PIP is introduced.

When will DWP contact me about claiming PIP?
From October 2013 reassessment for PIP begins for some claimants.
• If you have a fixed-term award of DLA which expires after October 2013, you will be contacted before your award expires, and will be invited to make a new claim for PIP. You will have to fill in a PIP claim form and be assessed under PIP procedures, which is likely to include a face to face assessment.
• If you notify DWP that there has been a change in your care or mobility needs from October 2013, you will be re-assessed for PIP.
• If you become 16 years old after October 2013 you will be re-assessed for PIP.

If you have an indefinite award of DLA and there is no change in your circumstances you will not be contacted before October 2015. This is to allow time for an independent review of PIP to report on how well the first phase of the new assessments has been carried out.

PIP and Carer's Allowance
If you are caring for a person who receives either rate of PIP daily living component, you will be eligible to claim Carer's Allowance.

PIP and the Motability Scheme
If you are awarded the enhanced rate of PIP mobility component, you will be able to access the Motability Scheme.

Further information
More information regarding PIP can be found here.